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Esophagitis, also called oesophagitis in British English, is the inflammation of the esophagus.

Esophagitis is classified as:

-          Acute (subtypes catarrhal and phlegmonous).

-          Chronic (subtypes hypertrophic and atrophic).

Eosinophilic esophagitis is a form of esophagitis related to food allergies.


Several conditions can cause esophagitis but statistically the primary cause is due to GERD (Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease, known as GORD in British English). They include:

-          Gastroesophageal reflux disease causes reflux esophagitis.

-          Chemical ingestions (like acid solutions).

-          Wounds from foreign objects (like nasogastric tubes).

-          Radiation.

-          Medicines. Some types can damage the lining of the esophagus.

-          Excess of alcohol consumption.

-          Weakened immune system. It makes the esophagus to be susceptible to some infections. These cases are known as infectious esophagitis.

-          Allergies, which can cause eosinophilic esophagitis.


The diagnosis can be confirmed once some of these tests, alone or in combination are carried out:

-    Physical examination.

-          Endoscopy.

-          X-ray (with barium).

-          Biopsy. It helps to determine the causes.

-          Allergy tests.

  More Information:
Esophagitis Treatment
Esophagitis Healthcare Centers

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