The goal of treatment is to reduce blood pressure to less than 140/90 mmHg. For those people with diabetes or with chronic kidney diseases should be less than 130/80 mmHg.

The following table shows the standard treatment:

Classification Systolic (mmHg) Diastolic (mmHg)    Treatment
Hypertension Stage 2 > 160 > 100 Medicines are strongly recommended along with lifestyle and diet changes.
Hypertension Stage 1 140 - 159 90 - 99 Medicines are recommended along with lifestyle and diet changes.
Normal - High 130 - 139 85 - 89 Lifestyle changes. Diet changes. Medicines are rarely used.
Normal 120 - 129 80 - 84 -
Optimal < 120 < 80 -

Diet changes include:

-          Drink plenty of water

-          Increase of fruits, fibers, vitamin D, calcium, magnesium, and potassium consumption

-          Limit the amount of sodium (specially salt and salty foods)

-          Avoid alcohol, caffeine and smoking

-          Reduce of fat and oil intake

Lifestyle changes include:

-          Exercise regularly (30 minutes minimum of aerobic exercise per day)

-          Indoor environment control, including adequate fresh air provision

-          Reduce the stress, avoiding things that can cause it.

-          Weight control

According to several studies, hypertension is influenced by outdoor weather - the higher the temperature, the greater the decrease in blood pressure. It is recommended to be more careful during seasonal changes and winter times.

Most antihypertensive medications can be used alone or in combination, depending on the characteristics of the patient and the development of the condition. The primary drugs used in treatment are:

-          ACE inhibitors

-          ARB drugs

-          Alpha-blockers

-          Beta-blockers

-          Diuretics

-          Calcium channel blockers

-          Peripheral vasodilators.

  More Information:
Hypertension Description
Hypertension Healthcare Centers
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