Abdominal pain Back - pain Chills
Fever Genitals - pain Groin - pain
Nausea Sweating Urination - frequent
Urination - pain Urination - scanty Urine - dark color
Urine - smelly Urine - with blood Vomiting

A kidney stone, also known as a renal calculus or renal lithiasis, is a solid crystal aggregation formed within the kidney or urinary tract. The stones take weeks or months to form.

Urolithiasis is the term used to indicate the presence of stones in the urinary tract. Nephrolithiasis refers to kidney stones. Ureterolithiasis refers to stones located in the ureter.

The primary symptom is an intense pain that comes on suddenly, and may be felt in the belly area or side of the back. Sometimes the pain is extensive to the groin area and genitals.

Depending of the substances contained in the stones, they can be:

-         Calcium stones. They are most common.

-         Cystine stones.  Usually, it affects people who have cystinuria.

-         Struvite stones. These stones can grow very large and are frequently found in women who have a urinary tract infection.

-         Uric acid stones.

Certain medications like acyclovir or triamterene can cause stones. However, the biggest risk factor for kidney stones is the lack of intake fluids.


Diagnosis of kidney stones is made on the basis of some procedures and tests:

-         Physical examination

-         Blood tests

-         Kidney function tests

-         Urinalysis

-         Abdominal CT scan

-         Abdominal MRI

-         Abdominal X-rays

-         Abdominal ultrasound

-         Retrograde pyelogram

-         Intravenous pyelogram

  More Information:
Kidney Stones Treatment
Kidney Stones Healthcare Centers

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