Management and Medications

There are a number of different treatment options for psoriasis but because of its chronic recurrent nature, psoriasis is a challenge to treat.

Topical agents

Used for mild disease. It includes solutions that may help soothe the area surrounded the affected skin. Ointments and creams usually contain: coal tar, corticosteroids, fluocinonide, dithranol, vitamin D, and retinoids, which are chemically related to vitamin A.


Used for moderate forms of psoriasis. It uses ultraviolet radiation in wavelengths between 311 and 313 nm. A particular approach consists of a combination of Psoralen, a natural compound used to sensitize the skin, and ultraviolet A lights. This technique is commonly known as PUVA.

Systemic agents

Mainly used for severe symptoms. This treatment is applied when the patient does not respond to topical and phototherapy treatments. In this case, oral and injectable medications like methotrexate, cyclosporine, and retinoids are prescribed.

Manufactured proteins, known as biologics, can help on immune functions related to psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis but some of them can cause serious side effects.

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Psoriasis Description
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